Vitamin d steroid side effects

The main symptoms of vitamin D overdose which are those of hypercalcemia including anorexia , nausea, and vomiting. These may be followed by polyuria , polydipsia , weakness, insomnia, nervousness, pruritus and ultimately renal failure . Furthermore, proteinuria , urinary casts , azotemia , and metastatic calcification (especially in the kidneys) may develop. [48] Other symptoms of vitamin D toxicity include mental retardation in young children, abnormal bone growth and formation, diarrhea, irritability, weight loss, and severe depression. [18] [39]

According to Dr. Jacqueline Chan, increasing the surface of the skin exposed to the sun proportionately decreases the amount of time needed in the sun to produce the same amount of vitamin D. The duration of the sun exposure should be no more than about half the amount of time it takes for the skin to turn pink ( 38 ). Dr. Chan also says that in order to make vitamin D, "The sun must shine directly on skin without being blocked by sunscreen, glass and most plastics. Glass and most plastics block UVB, the part of the spectrum that converts pro-vitamin D3 but allow passage of UVA which contributes to skin cancer." ( 38 )

Breast milk advocates suggest that breast milk is a complete food and that breastfed infants do not need extra vitamin D [44] . This is only true if the mother has an adequate vitamin D status. However, maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and breastfeeding [4] [31] [45] - [48] is common and contributes to the low vitamin D content of breast milk. Without further supplementation, both preterm and full-term breastfed infants may be at risk for vitamin D deficiency. This risk may be minimized either by supplementing mothers with large amounts of vitamin D during pregnancy and lactation so that breast milk contains enough vitamin D for infant needs, or by supplementing the infant directly during the period of lactation. Hollis and Wagner [41] suggest that supplementation of the mother with up to 4000 IU/day of vitamin D is effective in assuring adequate vitamin D in breast milk for newborns (evidence level II-1)

Vitamin d steroid side effects

vitamin d steroid side effects

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