The caudal approach to the epidural space involves the use of a Tuohy needle, an intravenous catheter, or a hypodermic needle to puncture the sacrococcygeal membrane . Injecting local anaesthetic at this level can result in analgesia and/or anaesthesia of the perineum and groin areas. The caudal epidural technique is often used in infants and children undergoing surgery involving the groin, pelvis or lower extremities. In this population, caudal epidural analgesia is usually combined with general anaesthesia since most children do not tolerate surgery when regional anaesthesia is employed as the sole modality.
If you want to know how to inject steroids , the first thing you need to know is how to prepare for the injection. You know you need to stick it into the muscle tissue, and we’ll go into the specifics of that later on, but there’s more to it than that. There are eight specific steps you need to follow when injecting anabolic steroids, and while that may sound like a lot the whole process shouldn’t take but a minute. Failure to follow these eight remarkably simple steps can result in complications such as infections or simply very uncomfortable injections, and an unnecessarily sore injected area.